Fish venofeae Lin Fang
喜 鹊 登 梅 报 建
Travel scanning code, returning reports have become everyday life. “Auspicious code” “Ankang Code” “Jingkang Self-help” and other epidemic prevention health information inquiry and submission platform have been well known. “Auspicious Code” is the health code of Jilin Province, “Ankang Code” is an Anhui Province Health Code, “Jing Hee Self-help” is the return of Beijing’s epidemic prevention and control. These names are all kinds of homophysi, and artificially give new meaning.
However, it is confusing that all the languages in the world have homophones, why is the homonym in Chinese, so extensively, from ancient times, it has been favored? It can be said that this is closely related to the characteristics of Chinese and the cultural psychology, thinking, and aesthetic taste of the Chinese nation.
The language has the ability to rely on objective practicalness and is called objective practical characteristics. “So, the name is also; the so-called,” “Mozi · Tong said”), “a name, the real guest” (“Zhuangzi · Xiaoyao”). Because of the language, it makes this world that can be grasped, letting the world of chaos become clear and bright. The ancients believe that everything is named from the heavens and the earth, and the sound of the name is different, but it is able to have a comprehensive title and appearance function for the world. Dong Zhongshu said in the “Spring and Autumn Pushing · Reminds Name”: “The name of the name, take the sky, the world is the name of the name.” “The name of the number is the same, all the screams Also. “
Since the language can participate in the world, the ancestors have a mysterious fear and worship of the language. They believe that the language has supernatural power, can affect and change the fate of nature, society and people. Also, they also regard this power of language as reality, that is, the language can not only act directly on any objective existence, but also acts on the language of language is equivalent to the objective existence of the language called language. The spell in the original witchcraft, the name shot, etc., all of the ancient language worship. Especially for the instinct of the trendy avoidance, people show more sensitivity to “profit” or “harm”, will point to “profit” or “harm” language symbols equation, “harm” itself, Even similarity is similar to the “harm” “harm”. Thus, people have achieved the purpose of the speech of the speech to achieve the purpose of the logistics of the speech.
Many homophones in folk things are blessing or harmonious taboo, is the language worship in cultural life. For example, the word “blessing” is put by the homonym, and the beautiful look forward to the “blessing” will be improved from the auditory perception. During your loved ones, you will eat pear bubbles in love, but also use voice taboo to reflect people’s emotional circumference to “separation”.
The ancients believe that the “sound” and “qi” of things can have mutual induction and communication, ie “corresponding to the same, the same gas” (“Weekly Dry”). The same sound can resonate, the same odor fused, based on such “identical” to make different objects in communication. Such communication and communication are naturally, and it will not be encountered. Randomness, incident, unpredictability is also the meaning of “similar to the corresponding”.
“Sound” “sound” is sound, or it can refer to the speech, namely the various voice form named. Under the motob of jumping, divergent thinking, the same voice housing can be encapsulated differently. However, in a particular environment, there is a relatively stable relationship between this sound and the homony. For example, applet (safe and happy), persimmon – things (everything goes well). In the art form of annual painting, paper-cut, sculpture, it will show this. “Fish Opera Lotus Map” implies “there is more than one year”, five bats have fallen from the sky, symbolize “five blessings”, monkeys riding the sculpture meaning “Master Seal”, and so on.
From “similar to the same”, as long as the sound is close, it can interact, there is a possible possible. Although the sound is the same, it is easy to follow, but the hidden relationship between the two is difficult to grasp. The same kind of homonym, the sympathy word of Chinese homophones is, how to be harmonious, and it is natural, and “Hu Yue, the heater of hepatocandy”, requires the participation of wisdom and understanding. Otherwise, if the “homophonic tend to” on the network is now, it is taking the hardship to the homonym, except for a smile, and not interesting.
God and Tour
There are not many basic syllables in Chinese, only 400, plus four different differences, but also more than 1600, remove vacancy, about 1300 available syllables. The limited syllable constitutes an unlimited word, which is bound to generate a large number of homophones (or morphemes). Therefore, how to use the homonym to generate homophonic queues, how to form people’s heart between the homonym and the sounds, the intensity of the object and its voice, reach the heart and the object, the object and the gods? In addition to the continuous interpretation of people in long-term life, more related to the Chinese nation “Thinking Thousand Miles”, habits to Lenovo, and is good at adhered.
The homonic symbol symbol itself has no direct directivity to people’s wishes, but under the voice association, with Lenovo’s processing, the semantic spanning item is linked, and there is a lot of words with historical or national cultural characteristics. , Drawing, image, behavior. For example, the boat is “living”, so it will change “箸” to “chopsticks”; Guangdong people “fold” 喜 “” “利” “tongue” is “pig”; paper-cut, painting The pattern on the plum tree, symbolizes the “Happy Brown”; Pomegranate is the characteristics of its multi-seed (Mono), becomes a gift to the newlywed couple; one of the first month of the first month, looking forward to the coming year ” Begin your fortune.
However, these harmonics generated by Lenovo are not associated with the sky, and the need to establish the intuitive, sensory experience and meaningful form of the image, and select the image of the physical and meticulous observation and understanding of the object. Get, or associate its shape, or take the connotation, and make the maintenance.
The Chinese nation has implicit, introverted aesthetic pursuit. In terms of literary art, the literary art also advocates “Wen Yin, Yu Wei Song Bao” (“Wen Xinjun Dragon, Hidden Show”). People will put the true meaning of the desired expression in the depths of the language, pay attention to the meaning of the words, and focus on the meaning of righteousness. Chinese homophonic art just reflects this implicit, introverted aesthetic interest. For example, in the poems “” “love”, “Silk” “thinking”, “Pity” and so on. Especially for “harm” “harm”, “fierce”, “fierce”, etc., the event of survival and future development, and must be cautious.
By homophonic, it can be linked, indirectly, euphemistically expressing some wish to meet people’s communication or expression needs. For example, the red dates, peanuts, longan, lotus seeds in the traditional wedding, and the blessings of the newlywed couple “early birth to your child”; parents prepare pastakes and scorpions for the students, take “cake” “” sound, pray “gold medal high school” Wishing; smashing a cup, a “broken (age) safe, can resolve a lot of embarrassment and uneasiness.
It can be seen that the homophonic is not a variety of straightforward ways to avoid the rough and become a wonderful way. Harmonious sound is virtuality, can achieve hidden show, the intention of harmony inside and outside. Not only that, the strangeness between the harmonious object is more than a bit more humorous and fun.
As the linguistic family Sayell said: “Every language itself is a collective expression art, which hides some aesthetic factors – voice, rhythm, symbol, form, is not any All other languages are all common. “Chinese homophonic culture is through the pronunciation of Chinese words, and the things they represent are dominated by the achievements. It will “sound” and “shape”, “sound” and “heart” are uniformly integrated, and become the language culture of the Chinese nation.
(Author: Yin Jie, Associate Professor, Chinese Culture, Beijing Normal University)
Source: Guangming Daily