International Online News (Reporter Yan Wei, Yang Xiaoxun, Xue Yuan): There is a group of Tibetan herdsmen who resolutely put down the shepherd in their hands in response to the national ecological protection call, bid farewell to the snow mountain grassland of generations, and moved to strange towns.
The bungalows with white walls and red tops are neat and orderly. On both sides of the clean road, white poplar stands, and solar street lights are modern and fashionable. If it wasn’t for the Tibetan decoration of the house wall and the women who swung on the men’s dresses in the wheels, we thought we thought we had entered a modern urban lifestyle. This is the immigration new village in Tanggula Mountain Town, the southern suburbs of Golmud.
We were welcomed to the first village secretary, and the home of Nanjie: a unique courtyard of more than 300 square meters. The courtyard is a brick house of more than 60 square meters of three -bedroom and one living room. The living room is slightly dim, with simple Tibetan and new furniture and commonly used household appliances. The Buddha’s portrait is hanging above the new Chinese leaders.
More than Nanjie wearing a dark suit. He said that compared with the harsh climate and inconvenient -to -traffic plateau, he lived in tents in the plateau pastoral area, and the water, electricity, television, and telephone houses that live in water are warm and warm. Now, his greatest wish is that the village can increase more religious activities.
“Now there is no problem in our lives. The most lacking is the place where religious activities. Where there is a Tibetan ethnic group, there is religious beliefs. This is also the characteristics and signs of the (Tibetan) nation. The scriptures, for the elderly and most people, can move, they will feel that life is better and feel good. “
How to provide more convenience for the religious activities of the villagers and make the local government think about it. Zhao Shouyuan, Secretary of the Party Committee of Tang Gulashan Town, said: “We have also planned a piece of land to build a few transposition tube and prayer flags at the entrance of the (village) nursing home. The biggest reflection of the opinions of the people’s opinions is also the problem. “
More nomadic life was the nomadic life in Tanggula Mountain, the Tibetan Plateau at 4700 meters above sea level, and his Tibetan compatriots lived on the source of the Yangtze River at an altitude of 4700 meters. At the end of 2004, a total of 407 people in the first 128 Tibetan herdsmen were voluntarily moved to a new village 400 kilometers away. Many of them were no livestock or young households who had suffered heavy losses in the great snow disaster in 1985. Because the Chinese government launched the Sanjiangyuan Ecological Protection Project at the time, and the pastoral region and grass -pasta were returned to the pastoral area to start immigrants.
In order to ensure the life of Tibetan relocation households, the Chinese government has made great efforts. The first phase of the construction of the immigration Xincun costs more than 20 million yuan, and each house with a cost of 40,000 yuan is provided for free to residence. After that, the government also invested more than 30 million yuan in succession for housing hydropower, house maintenance, public roads, greening, and energy conservation transformation. The current immigration new villages, stores, schools, hospitals, squares, cultural stations and other facilities are all available. The penetration rate of villagers’ medical insurance is 100 %.
In addition, the government also provides 6,000 yuan of living subsidies for each villager for ten years. Coupled with the grassland awards mechanism implemented by the state and the original grassland area, the villagers here can earn more than 20,000 yuan per person for only national subsidies. This solves the “near -worrying” of the villagers. But what to do if the state stops subsidies, this is the “far -sightedness” of many villagers. Wenchang Tai (Tibetan), chairman of the Presidium of the People’s Congress of Tanggula Town, said: “The most difficult thing is the issue of the follow -up industry. The key is how to develop without good ideas, methods and measures in the future. Now we have engaged in many projects, including Tibetan blanket plants, Manii Stone Carving City. “
The local government tries to help herders to successfully transition to the life of the settlement villagers. One of the methods is to regularly launch labor skills training classes such as cooking, driving, welding, muddy, dance, etc. Zhao Shouyuan, Secretary of the Party Committee of Tang Gulashan Town, said that they have successfully trained 8 famous hotel waiters this year. Recently, they also trained three young people to go to the mineral water production company for employment. However, middle -aged and elderly villagers need to rely on state subsidies.
The 43 -year -old Ca Rencuo seems to have no concerns in this area. She lives in a small building where the nomadic settlement site of Tanggula Town. Her husband’s coral, beeswax, and Cordyceps business in Lhasa made the family live very well. Cai Rencuo told us that the cattle and sheep who moved to the past were fostered in the ranch more than 300 kilometers away. Now, she does housework, embroidered cross -embroidery, and woven sweaters every day at home. The days are comfortable and relaxed;