After a few autumn rain, the weather became very cool. The potted plants in the family have been yellow, and people seem to be exhausted, from skin to emotions. Thinking of a poem of Hai Sang, “my body has already fallen leaves in my body”, it is a portrayal.
However, from the early morning, afternoon to the dusk, you can finally go downstairs at any time. At this time, I discovered the prosperity of the autumn: pumpkin, winter melon, loofah, cucumber all blooming golden flowers. This is the color of autumn, the faint joy of autumn.
They are planted by neighbors on the bottom of the community. But usually, they do not pay much attention except eating melons. We seem to rarely treat the fruits as a life with a complete process -their existence is just for people’s edible value.
At first glance, the flowers of melon seem to have a little personality. They all bloom golden flowers, with rough melon leaves, holding vines. But ah, natural creation, each species, is unique. How can it be as thousands of people like humans?
When I met pumpkin last year, I had deeply felt that the family of gourds was a thick table and Qiankun. Last week, I was attracted by a bush in the community, and I decided to appreciate it.
Luffa Aegyptiaca, a gourd family, climbing Fujimoto in one year. Blossoming is one of the most unusual early autumn scenery. The pictures of this article are Zhou Min pictures
Like most melons, loofah flowers are also male and female. It is easy to distinguish them: the male flowers are usually a few clusters, and the female flowers, a small young melon dragging under the flower -that is its sub -room, and after mature, we love loofah.
Male flowers are clustered
Female flowers single axillary
The appearance of female and female flowers is almost the same: they all have five golden brown petals, with a flat display, the petals are delicate, rubbing can be broken, but both sides are furry, and the two contradictory traits are one. The flower heart is very different: the male flower heart is five stamens, and the flower medicine is roundabout; the female flower has a short and thick flower column, three stigma, both cracks.
Holbus, 5-9 cm in diameter, and 5 petals and stamens
Female flowers, 3 stigma, each of which is 2 cracked
Gently rolling the loofah flowers, you can clearly see that on its sepals, there are several obvious green dots. This is the famous big killing device of the loofah family -the outer honey glands. The honey glands can secrete nectar and provide food for the pink insects. If the honey gland exists outside the flower, it is called an exterior honey gland. It will recruit ants as a “guard” to help drive away other grass -eating pests. This is the wisdom of survival evolutionary during the evolution.
On the sepals, there are obvious flower gland
Ant is attracted by the honey gland of the flowers of loofah plants.
It is particularly coincidentally, immediately, I found a cluster of blooming in the community, and I was overjoyed. There are two kinds of loofah in our country, and all the specimens have all. The octagonal melon is the name of the habit of the southwestern region. It is named because there are a dozen obvious longitudinal edges on the melon. Its Chinese name is the Guangdong loofah. At the beginning of the first encounter, it was seven in the evening. At that time, it glanced at it and found that its flowers were much smaller than that of loofah flowers. At eight o’clock the next morning, I made a special trip. On the full -frame melon vine, I didn’t find a flower that was being open. A few of them were hanging on the vine, the petals were curled up, and some of them fell on melon leaves. And on the ground. For the third time, I went at 11 am, and the flowers were still thanked.
I guess, is it that it blossomed after night? The fourth time is at 8 o’clock in the evening, wow, in the night, it really has more than ten flowers! For the last time, I wrote down its accurate flowering time: 5:30, the buds began to bloom, and all the petals were opened, about seven o’clock.
From six to 7 pm, Guangdong loofah blossoms
This discovery brings me great satisfaction and fun. The characteristics of the Chinese plant do not mention the characteristics of the octopus melon -just as the resume cannot reflect a person’s lively real temperament.
This eight -edged melon was planted by a machine and hemp museum in the atrium of the community. I ran to take pictures every day, and I was familiar with the boss. While taking pictures, gossip with her:
“There are a total of how many plants in this shelter?”
“Just two. Don’t say, I don’t know that this melon is actually blooming at night! Strange saying rarely see flowers.”
“It looks so good. Do you apply fertilizer?”
“Never. Sprinkle the seeds and don’t care about it, they are all growing.”
An eight -edged melon planted in front
Although they are all loofah, the personality of Guangdong loofah is very different from loofah. The loofah flowers are in the twilight, and the Guangdong loofah is just the opposite. Guangdong loofah’s flowers are much smaller than loofah flowers and shallow colors. It is a lighter goose yellow. The most important botanical characteristics, the stamens are also different, only three in Guangdong loofah. Its leaves are thinner and shallower than the leisin leaves.
Loofah leaves, deeper division, medium cracks slender
Guangdong loofah leaves are shallowly split, and the medium cracks are wide triangle
In the impression, loofah is from snacks to large, and the eight -sides seem to have become popular in recent years. But since there is an octopus melon, loofah has been disliked by the family, because the taste of octagonal melon is more sweet and less moisture, especially after cooking, it can still maintain the green color, and the family loves it. It is one of the high -frequency home cooked dishes on my dining table.
My favorite approach is to make the bitterness (also known as the garlic or small garlic) of specialty products in the Southwest region. Those who like spicy food can also add a little dried chili segment. Then pour in loofah slices and stir fry for a few minutes until it is soft. Every time I make this dish, even the soup is swept away. My old friend loves loofah fried eggs. In addition, loofah soup and Cantonese -style garlic steamed loofah are also delicious. Chongqing also has a heavy flavor of rivers and lakes and vegetables.
Furniture dishes in the southwest, bitter fried loofah
Both loofah are native to Asia. Luffa Aegyptiaca is native to South Asia and Southeast Asia. Nowadays, north and south of China are widely planted, but its species Aegyptiaca means “Egypt” because European botanists in the 16th century introduced this kind of The crop is named. Guangdong Luffa Acutangula is native to Southeast Asia, East Asia and Central Asia. It is now cultivated in southern China. It is relatively rare in the north.
I have a child who grew up in Guangzhou. Now Xi’an is studying university. She shared a interesting news: “When you come to the northwest, you find that there is a kind of generation gap called loofah. It is called loofah, and the northerners say it is not L.Aegyptiaca called loofah? As for L.Acutangula, I don’t know it. “I laughed.
The night when I finally took a picture of Guangdong loofah, I couldn’t help sharing the joy in my heart with the readers on the public account. After reading the message, I found that I am preconceived, thinking that people only focus on the practical value of loofah. In fact, the great people who know how to appreciate the beauty of loofah are there. Their sharing is so poetic and artistic:
“Take a shelf and climb. When blooming in the evening, it feels facing the stars full of sky.”
“Our loofah blooms quietly at dusk, especially after the autumn cold, the fragrance of fragrance is permeated in the courtyard with the cool autumn wind in the evening …”
The fragrance is always at dusk
The beauty of loofah always connects with home and Qiusi. In the ancient poems of monging loofah, the relaxed feelings are just like the simple and mellow taste of loofah. I like Zhang Yining, the Ming Dynasty, “Lilium”:
Huanghua Cui Man is tired,
Write a fence of Western West.
Sorry, you are afraid of seeing it,
Lao Lao Wanqi Qiu thought.
There is also Tao Yi’s “Listening to the Listening in Listening”:
The former garden has been for many years,
Yue Dan is the most wise.
Old me, but knowing leisure is good,
Sleeping the pillow of loofah vine.
The biggest benefit of the grass and trees around me is that it is very convenient to explore repeatedly. For example, the strange inflorescence of loofah, I ignored it for the first time. After looking at the description of the plant spirit, I found that the male and female flowers of the two loofah were born in the same inflorescence. Usually open first; more than ten male flowers, born in the upper part of the general inflorescence, only opened after the female flower thanked.
The female and female peanuts in the same flower, but the flowering time is different
Observe two kinds of loofah, which brings a lot of joy to my life this week, just like a “urban travel” that is only one miles away from a distance from time -this is a concept I created, that is, consciously strangers with strangers consciously To perceive, experience the familiar environment around you, discover new things, and create a new life experience.
Therefore, I found a resonance in the book of the classic “The Invisible Forest”: “Finding the entire universe from infinite things is a distant theme that runs through most cultures.” The author David George Has Kyle said in the post of post the book, and it also made me feel a lot.
“We should use our own attention to create a wonderful place, instead of finding the” original zone “that might bring us surprise. Garden, trees in the city, sky, fields, young forests, and suburbs in groups The sparrows are all mandala. Watch them up close, just like watching an ancient jungle. “
(Author Zhou Min, senior media person, museum enthusiast, is now a freelancer. Participate in writing “Knowing the Southwest Book of Chinese Plants”, personal public account: plant addiction.)
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Editor in charge: Wang Yu
School pair: Liu Wei