Families with dolls have toys; those with toys are indispensable for plastic toys. Plastic toys are very common, but they may bring the risk of exposing toxic and harmful substances to children. Just last year, scientists at the Danish University of Science and Technology, the University of Michigan, and the UN Environment Agency just published a scientific research result.
What did this study discover? What is the best toy for children? How to choose toys in different ages? What are the attention to choosing toys? Come to chat.
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1. What did this study discover?
This study published last year found that the 419 kinds of chemicals measured from various types of hard plastic, soft plastic, and foam plastic have potential harm to children’s health. There are non -carcinogenic health risks. Among these 126 kinds of harmful substances include 31 plasticizers, 18 flame retardants and 8 kinds of fragrance.
The researchers suggested that the harmful substances found in these children’s toys should be gradually replaced by other safer materials, and do not appear in children’s toys.
The various types of harmful substances that may exist in plastic children’s toys currently only have relevant requirements and regulations for limited types, such as plasticizers collar phenyamate. This substance is added to the plastic to enhance the toughness, transparency and service life, and it will also be used as a binder. However, it was announced by the World Health Organization as an environmental hormone, with the role of female hormones, affecting men’s reproductive systems, increasing the risk of child obesity, and may affect metabolism and cardiovascular systems.
However, in addition to some common and known chemical harmful substances, other countries around the world have no comprehensive, comprehensive and unified standards or restrictions on other harmful substances in children’s plastic toys.
The researcher mentioned that toy manufacturers usually do not provide any information about plastic toy chemical composition. Therefore, when doing this study, scientific researchers can only summarize and evaluate the results of scientific research data based on previous plastic toy chemical composition.
Now the economic conditions are good, and every family has a lot of toys. Studies have found that each child in Western countries has an average of 18 kg of plastic toys, which means that children are surrounded by plastic toys every day. For various harmful substances in plastic toys, children can be exposed by inhalation, oral intake, and skin contact.
(Screenshot comes from Aurisano et.al 2021)
The potential health hazardous substances found in this study include phthalate and bromide flame retardant just mentioned. At the same time, it also includes: plasticized adhesive butbadate (TXIB) and trigemite (ATBC) of acetyl citrate (ATBC). Interestingly, these two are actually “safety” alternatives that are currently regarded as phenyl -pyraogenate.
Based on this study, children may still have high non -cancerous health risks when they are exposed to these substitutes that are considered safety. Therefore, researchers have proposed that these chemical alternatives that are currently considered safety should be used for further safety assessment and analysis, so as to avoid “replacing another harmful substance to replace another harmful substance”.
Overall, this study found that soft plastic toys can cause children to expose a larger amount of harmful substances. The main way for children to expose the harmful substances in plastic toys is: inhalation.
Because of the contact of a single plastic toy, the child may be in contact with all plastic toys from indoor to all plastic toys through breathing.
How to look at the results of this study?
We live in the real world, whether adults or children, are inevitable, more or less exposed to toxic and harmful substances. However, children are in a fast growth and development stage and are more sensitive to toxic and harmful substances. Therefore, parents must do to reduce children’s exposure to various types of harmful substances as much as possible.
Seeing the results of this study, I don’t think parents need to tangled and remember the 126 kinds of harmful chemicals found in children’s plastic toys found in this study. Because even if you remember these names, it is difficult to have realistic significance. After all, our ordinary parents are unknown to the specific chemical composition in plastic toys.
However, according to this latest research results, what we can understand is:
Try to keep the child away from soft plastic toys, and to maintain indoor air quality through diligent ventilation.
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What is the best toy?
Good toys help children’s growth and development; good toys are generally “open” toys, which means that there are many toys that can have many different ways of gameplay, or toys that can play independently. Such toys can promote children’s imagination, creativity, and ability to solve problems.
The following is an example of “open” good toys:
Building blocks: In addition to building various houses, imagine all kinds of items, etc.
Ball: In addition to shooting, you can also watch, grab, throw, etc.
Carton: If there are handmade adults at home, the carton is “omnipotent”.
Cloth or clothing: can be played or hand -made.
Various types of handmade materials: including color paper, crayon, washed watercolor pens, etc.
Collection of classification: For example, children can collect all kinds of buttons, pearls, coins, etc., and then classify according to the shape, size, etc.
Here we need to remind the toys of various “open” gameplay. If they are relatively small, such as buttons, within 3-5 years old, be alert to the risk of suffocation, you can not play for your baby
Fourth, how to choose toys at different ages?
Most of the formal and qualified toys will write suitable age. However, these suitable age are just a rough reference. What we buy for children is more important to choose from the child’s interest and growth and development stage.
Of course, toys are written on the applicable age, and many cases are related to safety such as asphyxia risk. For example, there are small parts that may fall off, and children are generally not recommended to play in the age of 3 to prevent suffocation.
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Children of different ages, how to choose toys, can refer to:
0-1 years old
The most important “toy” is to raise people such as father and mother. Children like to watch adults’ faces and the voices of adults; babies of this age, the biggest hobbies and interests, is to accompany their parents.
Of course, this age group does not mean that you do n’t need toys at all. In fact, babies can also have some colorful toys, or those who can play music, but when playing these toys, it is best to accompany the child.
1-3 years old
Babies of this age can play all kinds of cartons, building blocks, and household clothing. Children will also like some instruments or toys that can knock out, such as drums. Of course, even if you do n’t buy a toy drum, you can knock the bowl with a spoon.
over 3 years old
Children at this age prefer to try to solve problems, imagine imagination, etc., so it is best to choose this type of toys. In addition, multiplayer games, it is also good to encourage children to play with other children.
Fifth, pay attention to selecting toys
Attention to choosing toys, except for the beginning of the article mentioned
Try to avoid soft plastic toys
There are others:
Select those who are not contained in phenyl acid, non -PVC and BPA. Try not to select the recycling code is # 3, # 6 and # 7. Regarding the recycling code, you can refer to it:
Do not play old wooden toys peeled off
Do not play old woody toys peeled off for children, because the paint may contain lead.
Plush toys, etc. should choose suitable for cleaning
Pigs, crayons, marks, etc., you need to choose “non -toxic”
All kinds of cycling toys
It is necessary to choose the level of sports development in accordance with children, and must be worn in a safe environment to wear appropriate safety protection appliances. For example, to ride a balancing car for children, there is no safety site for motor vehicles, and wearing helmets and other protective gear can ride.
The above is today’s sharing, I hope to help. Pay attention to me and educate them with scientific parenting together.
-Su part of the reference source-
1.Nicolò Aurisano, Lei Huang, Llorenç Milà i Canals,Olivier Jolliet, Peter Fantke. Chemicals of concernin plastic toys. Environment International, 2021;146: 106194 DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2020.106194
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