Farmers Daily reporter Wen Hongying Han Xiao
“Wuzhou (Tea) Sheng Wuyuan Valley”, from Lu Yu’s “Tea Jing” so far, has a history of more than 1,200 years in Wuyuan Green Tea, Jiangxi. From high -standard organic green tea that once exported exchange, to the current advantage zone of agricultural products with Chinese characteristics, Wuyuan Green Tea has been new for a long time.
Deep humanities and geographical nourish “good tea” inheritance for thousands of years
In my country’s humanities and geographical territory, the “Green Tea Golden Triangle” is often used to describe the best area in the production area of China’s green tea set. “Green” is located in the core area of this Golden Triangle. The tea gardens in the valley are wrapped in dense forests, and the global forest coverage rate reaches 82.64%.
Not long ago, Jiangxi Tea Meteorological Center issued a total of 5,000 “special” climate quality certification signs and traceability labels to Wuyuan Tuotu Special Product Cooperative and Wulongshan Organic Food Co., Ltd. The reporter scanned the code that the spring tea picking period of the tea garden of Laoshan Village in 2019 is from April 1st to 28th, with an average temperature of 13.7 degrees Celsius, an average relative humidity of 88%, and the average sunshine time is 3.6 hours. It is especially suitable for the growth of high -quality green tea.
In the past 1200, Wuyuan Green Tea has a long -lasting name. Green tea has been engraved in the history of Wuyuan, from natural geography to humanistic feelings, Wuyuan has all. “
Long -term immersion in tea culture has given Wuyuan people a natural “learning tea” tradition. Here is the only secondary vocational school named after tea, Wuyuan Tea School, which was formerly known as the establishment of a tea department -level application vocational school in Jiangxi Province, which was founded in 1939. Chen Xing, former principal, said that the process of killing youths, twisting, fried green, and wok constitutes unique Wuyuan green tea production skills. It is identified as a national intangible cultural heritage. Essence “Each tea -making stage carries the hard work of craftsmen. Although the mechanized tea -making process has gradually replaced handicrafts, for professional practitioners, on the one hand, inheritance of cultural heritage, on the other hand Emotion. “
There are still many research bases related to tea in Wuyuan, and the organic tea gardens of Link Sheng Industrial Co., Ltd. are one of them. According to reports, there are still many research bases such as such a research base. Tea, tea, and tea are the growth experience that the younger generation of young people cannot go around. Every weekend, there will be elementary and middle school students to try to pick and stir -fry. Then follow the tea artist to learn tea and tea, and inherit the deep tea culture in the fragrance.
Excellent quality control achievement export tea benchmark
The long -term tea tradition and excellent tea quality have allowed “green” to be the main force of Chinese tea exports for a long time. During the planned economy period, due to good quality, Wuyuan Green Tea was generally higher than the surrounding areas.
After the reform and opening up, the market has become the key to affecting the price trend of tea acquisition. Wuyuan Green Tea has chosen the development of high -quality organic tea. Hong Peng, chairman of Wuyuan Dazhenshan Green Food Co., Ltd. said: “You must improve the quality of green tea at higher standards.”
Among the first eight green food AA -level list released by the China Green Food Development Center in 1996, the only tea product was the “Cloud Mist Tea” of Wuyuan Dazhen Mountain. Since then, the EU Certification Organization Examiner visited Wuyuan to visit and conduct organic certification. Regardless of natural conditions such as water, soil, air, or pollution control of the entire process of production, Da Laoshan tea has reached the standard.
Wang Yumei, who has worked in the Quality Department of Dajiaoshan Green Organic Food Co., Ltd. for 20 years, said that the most proud thing is that the Organic green tea in Da Laoshan has entered the EU market for more than 20 years, and has passed the EU BCS organic certification for 21 consecutive years.
Hong Peng said that Da Laoshan has long maintained cooperative relationships with 13 organic tea production bases, with a total area of more than 12,000 acres, and it is still expanding each year.
At the company’s water -taking organic tea planting base, the reporter saw the person in charge of the base and He Fusheng, the “second generation of tea”. Speaking of organic tea, he talked: “The key to planting organic tea is to reasonably remove insects. We mainly use the natural enemy of pests to remove insects and use sex hormones. In addition That is, after the picked tea is picked every year, the tea farmers dug about 50 cm of soil pits according to a certain interval, turn the insect eggs in the soil to the surface, and kill them by low temperature in the cold winter. Digging the triple role of insecticidal, fertilization, and loose soil. Of course, if the diseased and insect pests are densely occurred, we can only rely on us to remove insects. “
Hong Wensheng, director of the Agricultural and Rural Bureau of Wuyuan County, introduced that at present, 110,000 acres of green food (tea) raw material base has been built in Wuyuan County, and 70,800 acres of organic tea gardens bases. The organic green tea of the four tea companies of Dashan Mountain, Wulongshan, Gaoshan, and Xitou has reached the EU standards. There are more than 120 organic tea processing demonstration factories in the county.
At the same time, according to the data provided by the Shangrao Agricultural and Rural Bureau, the export tea of Wuyuan Green Tea in the first half of 2019 was US $ 37.66 million, accounting for 83.1%of the tea exports of tea in Jiangxi. The first county “deserves its name.
In -depth industrial integration comprehensive improvement of the value chain
As part of the global tea supply and marketing chain, how to make ordinary tea farmers better share industrial dividends is a question that “tea people” must think.
In 2000, Hong Peng and some Wuyuan organic tea farmers jointly established the Wuyuan Organic Tea Agricultural Association to apply and join the “Flo) of the International Fair Trade Label (FLO), becoming the first association to join FLO in my country. FLO has long given additional economic compensation to junior producers such as tea, cocoa, coffee and other commodities in the global industrial chain, and is used for the daily life of tea farmers and purchase of production materials. In Wuyuan, the Organic Tea Farmers Association and its branches at various bases are institutions that receive and decide how to use this money.
The Tongchuan School, located in Houhu Tong, Xichuan Township, Wuyuan County, was built with the support of the Fair Trade Fund. “At present, there are more than 600 students in the school, and most of them are children of nearby tea farmers. Many students are free to study.” Principal Cheng Yongrui said.
In 2018, Wuyuan Green Tea was identified by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs as the “National Characteristic Agricultural Products Zone”, and the development of “Green” was further injected into vitality. There are currently 530 tea primary processing plants and 26 refined processing plants. There are 18 tea companies with an annual output value of more than 20 million yuan. Among the 370,000 people in Wuyuan, the tea -involved population is as much as 220,000.
Wu Shu, secretary of the Wuyuan County Party Committee, said that Wuyuan will always adhere to the strategy of organic tea development, adhere to the brand development strategy, and enhance the value of tea brand and market influence.
In May 2019, the Dajiashan Organic Tea Garden, which is also one of the Basishan Company bases, was awarded the “Carlo Scarpa International Horticulture Award” in Italy. The brand concept of “unity of heaven and man”.
Global tourism and global scenic spots have also provided opportunities for Wuyuan Green Tea to walk away. At present, Wuyuan received 23.7 million tourists in the year, and a number of boutique tourist routes and tea area scenic spots fusion projects became new tourist growth points. Important ideas.
The “Houtang Manor” located in the western suburbs of Yanyuan and the famous scenic spots Luotang Village, which are evaluated by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism as the first five -star homestay in the country, and surrounded by more than 200 acres of organic tea gardens. Liu Fang, the person in charge of the homestay, told reporters that all tourists who came to the “thick pond” can pick fresh green tea and fry themselves at the tea garden.
“Behind the brand promotion, it is still necessary to promote the overall upgrade of the industry and further increase the investment in industrial funds and basic enhancement.” Wu Shu said that Wuyuan County Green Tea Industry Park is about to be completed. Innovative incubation and facility agriculture, cold chain processing, logistics and other tea industries are organically integrated together to maximize the industrial chain.
As of the end of September 2019, the tea garden in Wuyuan County was 194,000 mu, 17,800 tons of tea, 56,200 tons of processing trade, the output value of the tea industry series of 3.131 billion yuan, and the value of Wuyuan Green Tea brand reached 2.063 billion yuan.