From the left, Yang Jiafeng Wuhan University interview Liu Xuyi
Guide: “There are Zhou and Liu in the north, and Liu Xuyi in the south.” Professor Liu Gongxuyi is the author of the author’s very admirable township head, the high -profile apricot altar giant, and the longest -lived professor of Wuhan University -at the age of 106. He studied Chinese and Western, Tao Li Fangfang, his works, etc., and enjoyed the reputation of the University of Chicago. Its row income, “No Town” published by China Social Science Press, published by China Social Science Press. Liu Daoyu, former president of Wuhan University, said: Mr. Liu has been working hard for more than 30 years. He has been tiring in his academic achievements in his later years. He often emits deafening sounds and has become a model of intellectuals with conscience. Today, Pei Gaocai and Yang Jiafeng, who are incorporated into the “Book House” magazine, and Yang Jiafeng’s post -study articles after studying ——
Famous cultural scholar Feng Tianyu Hand -painted Mr. Liu Xuyi Portrait
“My grandfather’s house is a family of Huangpi Yao, so we are still authentic fellows.” This is the first sentence that Liu Lao and the author met, as if still echoed in his ears. Because Liu Gong was born in a family of intellectuals in Luojia, Liuzui Village, Magnolia Township, Huangpi, Hubei, was adjacent to the author’s hometown of Yaojiaji Street.
In the heart of the same way, Liu Xuyi is a person who is famous for his character and his famous character. Once, the author visited Mr. Feng Tianyu. He drew a portrait of Liu Gongmi because of his morality and articles in his own view of Liu Gong, which was very expressive. I immediately captured the archive. Liu Gong is a famous scholar who has experienced two periods of new and old China. “Whether you can engage in academic research, research, and how to do research, but everywhere you can’t help you.” Liu Gong has repeatedly rejected high officials Hou Lu and adhered to academic positions; he has also been forced to leave academic positions due to an objective environment.
Liu Gong’s remembered his adolescence before he was Romantik. Originally, he had obtained official fees for Tsinghua University with his performance, but he could not extricate himself in order to pursue the love with his school girl Zhou Shiying. He lost his qualifications for public funding due to the second grade of Tsinghua. At this time, he was facing two choices of soldiers and reading. For a while, he asked the chief Chen Fanjiu. Mr. Chen said to him: After the victory of the Chinese Anti -Japanese War, you have to build a country and need a lot of talents, and your qualifications and personality have the potential to learn. I think you should return to Tsinghua to continue learning. At the same time, he also obtained the position of teaching staff for him to solve the problem of his toll from Wuhan to the Southwest United University from Wuhan to Kunming.
Liu Xuyi wedding photo in 1940 -Family provided
During the study of the Department of Sociology of the Southwest United University, Liu Xuyi not only re -obtained official fees, but also studied famous masters from Chen Da, Wu Wenzao, Pan Guangdan, Fei Xiaotong. Chen Da, director of the Department of Sociology, is very important to focus on this daring student. “He gave me ninety -five points for my curriculum thesis and graduation thesis. When he graduated, he had to keep me as his teaching assistant. Although I decided to go to Chongqing later, he still helped me write an introduction to his friends in Chongqing. Believe. Until I stayed in the United States, he also told me that let me continue to engage in social statistics and teach Tsinghua in the future. “
Sociologist Fei Xiaotong is the most proud student of Professor Wu Wenzao. During his studies at Yanjing University, Mr. Wu was carefully arranged by Mr. Wu in 1933 to take the Tsinghua University Research Institute. Study in the UK. As of the last semester of 1939, shortly after returning from Britain, Mr. Fei began to teach the “fertility system” to the Southwest United University. Liu became his student because he chose this course. At that time, Mr. Fei was only three or four years older than Liu, and his personality was similar, so their relationship was also a teacher and friend.
In Liu Xuyi’s memory, Mr. Fei made his lectures in his own style, without textbooks, no lectures, both Chinese and English bilinguals. During the “Fertility System” classes, he issued two questions and asked: to do two, and one can do it; according to the content of the lecture, you can learn and use it yourself. After the question, he did not investigate the exam. Liu Gong did only one question at that time, and he answered the knowledge and inferences of this course. As a result, Mr. Fei gave him the highest score in the class.
Fei Xiaotong of the Young era
Mr. Fei’s bold feelings showed that Liu Xuyi also had a deep impression. I remember in early 1940, a book lent by Mr. Liu from Mr. Liu found a sentence in the word Gong Zizhen’s “Golden Wed” on the title page: “May three million gold, make a beauty celebrities.” Liu I couldn’t help feeling: “At that time, I guess that when he excerpted this famous saying, it must be a surging heart, so I couldn’t.”
Originally, after Liu Xuyi obtained a bachelor’s degree in sociology at Tsinghua University in 1940, he could study in the sociology research at Mr. Fei Xiaotong, who was teaching at Yunnan University. However, at the age of 27, he was difficult to distinguish between Zhou Shiying in love. Although Zhou is a school girl, she has a lot of salaries in Chongqing. In the face of war prices soaring, how can she give up this work that can feed a big family for Liu. The tangled Liu Xuyi poured into Mr. Fei, and Mr. Fei also warned him: “Love is temporary, learning is permanent.” However, Liu Xuyi chose true love again and went to Chongqing to meet with Zhou Shiying. Although they have lost their arms with Mr. Fei this time, their teachers and students have maintained a gentleman for decades since then. Until 1997, Mr. Fei also wrote the title of “Sociology Research on Reform and Opening up” edited by Liu Xuyi.
Liu Xuyi pursued true love, and it was also closely related to the teacher’s influence. Until his later years, he still missed the happy family life of the teachers. He recalled that he often went to Mr. Pan Guangdan’s house. At that time, Mr. Pan’s house lived in the suburbs of Kunming. The maiden was very capable. He bought a stone mill and made soy milk. Every time he arrived at their house, you could drink fresh soy milk. Mr. Pan is very funny and always feels happy with him.
At Mr. Wu Wenzao’s house, Liu Xuyi appreciated the master Xie Bingxin as “very interesting”, and even often cared about the disciples’ marriage. “I said I am very poor, no girls would like me, she laughed and said that it was not necessarily.” On one occasion, he witnessed Mr. Wu of Tsinghua University, Mei Yiqi, and his party. During the meeting, Bing Xin wrote the story of her husband’s “silly uncle” as a pagoda poem, venting “a cavity” on Tsinghua. Poetry said:
Silly aunt arrives at home
Speaking, it’s a joke
Education was in Tsinghua University
After listening to the clever movement, Mr. Mei continued a few words: “Ms. Bingxin’s eyes are not good, how the nerds match the flowers!” As soon as the words fell, the Tsinghua teachers and students present were unable to help “Performing self -proclaimed.”
“The gentleman is frank, and the villain is Qi Qi.” Liu Xuyi is a gentleman who is good at refuge and changes. In 2006, cultural scholar Yu Tantan suggested that they began to write a oral history “Liu Xuyi Oral Autobiography”. Liu Gong proposed the prerequisite: “The history of writing must be the truth, and he must also be brave to expose his shortcomings and problems.” From his and the famous poet Zeng Zhuo, you can see it.
Xiao Sword Shadow: Liu Xuyi’s oral autobiography-Yu Tantan organizes
It was when the “Hu Feng case” rose suddenly in 1955, and Zeng Zhuo was imprisoned for “no need”. At that time, people knew that Liu Xuyi and Zeng Zhuo, the vice president of the Yangtze River Daily and the vice chairman of Wuhan Literary Federation, were friends in the same hometown, and worked at the mission front. In the background of mobilizing, everyone passing by everyone, and a “verbal word”, Liu Xuyi, then the Propaganda Minister of the Wuhan Federation of Trade Unions, wrote an article in July 1955 in July 1955. The article “Display Zeng Zhuo’s Conspiracy for Workers’ Labor Arts and Arts Activities”, which has a meaning of “stepping on one foot and making it eternal.” After published by the Yangtze River Daily, this article was reproduced by media at all levels and praised the leaders many times. But Liu Xuyi couldn’t get up, and often felt uneasy about it! In particular, he returned to Wuhan University to teach further. He was further reflected: the old day had intersected with himself so much, but he wrote such an article on the outline to attack others. Because of the news of Zeng Zhuo, who lived in the cow shed at that time, could not express the confession in person. Until 1979, Zeng Zhuoping fought against Zhao Xue, and he had repeatedly prompted Liu Xuyi to find an opportunity to apologize to Zeng in person, but he always had insufficient courage.
The opportunity came. In 1997, the book “Sociology Research on Reform and Opening up” compiled by Liu Xuyi was published. He and Zeng Zhuo’s co -friend Kang Huinong knew Liu’s mind, and gave this book to Zeng Zhuo in the name of Liu. After receiving the book, Zeng Zhuo thanked Liu Zi when he was repaired by the book: “In recent years, he often reads in the newspapers. He has a smooth writing, clear ideas, and brilliant insights. It can be seen that his energy is still strong and very comfortable.” Liu Xuyi received a letter of surprise and added surprises. Immediately give him a letter to Zeng Zhuo, to talk to him the unpleasant public case in 1955, and admitted that he had always been unable to erase in his heart for more than forty years. Zeng Zhuo Fu, who has always been open -minded, wrote: “The old things in the 1950s were not worth mentioning. At that time, everyone couldn’t help but say something wrong. So, I can understand and don’t mind.” Liu’s mood is this mood. It was a lot relaxed. No wonder Liu Xuyi’s eldest daughter and Wu Da retired professor Liu Dong commented on his father: “Great father, a gentleman, and an integrity scholar.”
Zeng Zhuo (right) changed the manuscript for Pei Gao
On May 29, 1998, Luo Jianhua, the editor -in -chief of the Yangtze River Weekend of the Yangtze River Daily, who was also the hometown of Huangpi, learned about this. When he held a revised symposium at the weekly magazine, Liu Xuyi and Zeng Zhuo attended the meeting. Smile with a smile. ” After the symposium, Liu couldn’t help thinking about his thoughts, and felt that Lu You and Zeng Zhuo, the two ancient and modern poets, could be described as a thousand years, so the poetry was very good, and he gave Zeng Zhuo. Poetry Yun:
The heart has a little bit of rhinoceros, and the semi -disciplinary semi -discipline meets.
Ancient and modern poetry is like who is like, and the wild Dan is in the heart.
Zeng Zhuo wrote after receiving the letter from the poem: “Poetry, thanks, thanks and ashamed. The poem is simple and deep, and I have a realm, but I can climb the weng. The poems of the poem just express some personal feelings and feelings. They are old and sick, only to put my pen, but there is still a little bit of worry about the country and worry. “
Liu Xuyi gave thank you at the celebration of his 100th birthday at Wuhan University
From the perspective of the former principal of Wuhan University, Mr. Liu Xuyi did not tend to be inflamed. He only told the truth and never told him. As a professor of cloth Yi, Liu Gong wrote more than thirty his life, and was the founder of the study of American history in China, but he was not a doctoral supervisor, and even his disciples were “professors of humanities and social sciences”, but he was not so -called “Senior professor”, isn’t this weird? In September 1996, the “Hubei Expert Dictionary” compiled by the Hubei Personnel Department included 4,31st people. Liu Xuyi and Liu Daoyu were rejected.
The wonderful chapter of Liu Xuyi’s life is the teaching and research of his dedication to the history of the United States and sociology. He is one of the founders of the research of Chinese American history and the founder of the “American History Research Association”.
Inventory of Liu Xuyi’s life’s work found that most of his main writings were published after his sixty years old. After the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and the United States in 1979, he also ushered in the second spring of academic research. This year, he co -founded the establishment of the “American History Research Association” with colleagues in the United States and American history. Still this year, he and Professor Yang Shengmao began to compose the six -volume “American General History” of the National Philosophy and Social Sciences Key Research Project at the appointment of the People’s Publishing House. The compilation of “post -war American history” was avoided by many scholars. Liu Xuyi “faced the difficulties” and assumed the editor and compilation task of these two volumes. He innovatively revealed the law of “New Deal” in Roosevelt’s “new policy” that caused the economic “stagnation”. His academic thoughts are the most popular part of his studies. He is a pioneering study of monopoly capitalism, especially the history of monopoly capitalism, and has been highly praised by the academic community. It is known as “American history experts with unique insights.”
American General History (6 volumes of hardcover) _ 美国 美国 美国, editor of Yang Shengmao
After retired in 1987, Liu Xuyi continued to study American history. For example, his monograph “The History of the United States since the 1930s”, co -edited with people “American Research Dictionary”, editor -in -chief “Contemporary American President and Society”, edited and participated in the “Society of Reform and Opening up and opening up The Study of the Studies, as well as “The History of the United States since 1900”, the “American Social Development Trends (1960-1990)”, “Roosevelt and the New Deal”, “How difficult Journey”, such as the American Social Development Trends (1960-1990) ” A kind of translation, etc., mostly completed in the twenty years after retirement. In 1988, after his translation of “Looking at the Future -George Bush’s Autobiography” was published, former US President George Bush specifically wrote a letter to Mr. Liu and thanked him for “making efforts to improve the understanding between China and the United States.”
“Life lies in exercise, and life lies in thought. People can never be idle.” Liu Xuyi believes that if he really terminates his work like some old people after retiring, he may have fallen ill. For his own way of health, Liu Xuyi often share “self -massage” with others. When he was admitted to Tsinghua in 1936, he saw an article in the “Middle School Student” magazine, saying that after washing his face, he rubbed his face and rubbed 50 to 80 times a day. Essence From the 1970s, he insisted on massage all over his body, spending about 45 minutes a day.
Pei Gaocai and Wang Fengxia wrote two volumes of “No Town”, China Social Science Press 2018.5
Now, although Liu Gong has traveled far away, the author has included his biography “The” U.S. Tong “from Huangpi” and included the book “Nothing Town”, allowing more readers at home and abroad to understand his work and promoting his high -winds.